Examples of golden Achaemenid metalwork from the 6th–4th century B.C. at the MET.
The first is an applique in the shape of a lion’s head, and the second is a plaque with horned lion-griffins.
In the sixth century B.C., under the leadership of Cyrus the Great, the Persians established themselves at the head of an empire that would eventually extend from eastern Europe and Egypt to India. The Achaemenid Period is well documented by the descriptions of Greek and Old Testament writers and by abundant archaeological remains.
In relation to the plaque:
[…] this ornament depicts the winged lion-monster but here two creatures are shown rampant. In place of the lion’s ears they have those of a bull. Horns curl back over spiky manes and the lion’s neck is covered with a feather pattern. Sharply stylized wings extend over two of the five bosses and serve as decorative balance for the design. Heavy rings attached to the back suggest that the ornament was worn on a leather belt. the similar treatment of the lion motif on different types of objects demonstrates decorative conventions of the period. (met)